The state of Assam (name derived from Asom, meaning one without equals), which includes the northern Brahmaputra valley, the middle Karbi and Cachar hills and the southern Barak valley, is home to the single largest contiguous tea growing region in the world.
The region goes through extremely humid summers and heavy rainfall from March to September. Assam is also home to India's largest tea research centre, which is located at Tocklai in Jorhat, and is managed by the Tea Research Association.
Tea plantations in Assam grow the Camelia Sinensis var Assamica variety of the tea plant. Assam is the only region globally where tea is grown in plains, and also the only other region apart from Southern China, which grows its own native tea plant.
Tea from Assam has a rich, full bodied, deep-amber liquor with a brisk, strong and malty taste, making it ideal for the early morning cup. Second flush orthodox Assam teas are extremely popular for their distinctive taste and bright liquor.
Orthodox Assam teas have been registered as a geographical indication (GI) in India.